Carbs, Ghee, Glucose which have been blatantly demonized are exactly what serve as the potent source of fuel to work our system and format & sustain us at all. They deserve to be taken in with all the gratitude for being such wonder of a formula. Let us give them the due regard as we marvel at their fascinating terminology and their chemistry within us to be able to appreciate their role & function, with the help of the following compilation.
Essential Fatty Acids that go by the name of LC_PUFA and short-chain FA contain ALA which in turn contain EPA DHA, and these are critical for brain development and cell growth function in pregnancy and early life. Humans and other living organisms must ingest EFA because the body requires them for good health, as they provide building blocks but the body cannot synthesize them. They store energy, insulate us and protect our vital organs. They act as messengers helping proteins do their jobs.
Short-chain fatty acids are found in plant sources like flax, chia, canola oil, soybeans, tofu, yoghurt, and walnuts. It is recommended to increase their presence in the diet. Both mono and polyunsaturated fats eaten in moderation help replace saturated or trans fats, and therefore lower the cholesterol levels.
They are involved in various biological processes and produce many compounds when they are metabolized. They increase the absorption of vitamins and minerals, nourish the skin, hair, and nails, promote proper nerve functioning, help produce hormones, ensure normal growth and development, prevent and treat diseases. EFAs regulate oxygen use, electron transportation, and energy production, the most important processes occurring in the cells. They support the production of secretions of digestive enzymes. They help with endurance, recovery from exercise and mental stamina, energy storage to fuel the cells when glucose is not available. They reduce symptoms of metabolic syndrome. Fats and oils cushion and insulate the body and the nerves, which are wrapped in a lipid-rich layer called the myelin sheath.
Omega 3, 6 and 9 are important structural components of cell membranes. Its consumption improves the body’s ability to reduce the risk of cardiac events as it increases good HDL cholesterol, to regulate the heart rhythm, to reduce blood fats called triglycerides and formation of arterial plaques. In particular, they exert anti-inflammatory effects by making prostaglandins, agents that increase and decrease inflammation in the body. O3FA fights depression and anxiety and reduces symptoms of ADHD in children. It improves eye health, reduces insulin resistance, decreases the risk of type 2 diabetes, prevents stroke, controls rheumatoid arthritis, protects from cancer.
Fats are lipids that are used by living organisms for stored energy. The brain uses glucose and ketone bodies for energy. Adipose tissue uses fatty acids and glucose for energy. The liver primarily uses fatty acid oxidation for energy. Muscle cells use fatty acids, glucose and amino acids as energy sources. A gram of fat stores more than twice as much energy as a gram of polysaccharide such as starch. Fat contains twice the energy-rich C-H bonds as glucose. Fat produces twice as many calories when burned. Fat needs twice as much energy to burn off than glycogen.
Lipids are organic compounds that contain the same elements as carbohydrates: carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Lipids in the form of fatty acids form bonds to proteins and carbohydrates forming lipoproteins and lipopolysaccharides. Fats are large molecules that are composed of three fatty acid molecules bonded to a glycerol molecule, termed as a triglyceride. Through their metabolism, plants generally produce triglycerides that contain unsaturated fatty acids such as peanut oil or olive oil, whereas animals generally produce triglycerides that contain saturated fatty acids which humans sometimes convert into butter and lard. Lipids are hydrophobic, which makes them fat-soluble and will not dissolve in water. Phospholipids are the main structural components of cell membranes.
Steroids, are of the family of fats, made from lipids, which have no fatty acids in their structure, and are hydrophobic. The most common steroid, cholesterol, is needed to make both the male-testosterone and female-estrogen sex hormones, and it is a component of cell membranes and it is also needed for the proper function of nerve cells. Certain beneficial fat-soluble hormones, such as cortisol, are also familiar steroids. Anabolic steroids are used in the treatment of anemia and certain diseases that destroy muscle, and these are used for performance-enhancement, to increase muscle mass, stamina, and strength.
Medium-chain triglycerides in coconut oil are rapidly absorbed and taken directly to the liver, where they can be used immediately for energy or converted into ketones, a key source of energy for the brain cells. This boosts mental clarity, improves cognitive function, increases the mood and strength. Enhanced ketones are known to encourage weight loss. Thus consuming MCT especially on empty stomach enables fat burning and stabilizes the blood sugar and help minimize diabetic symptoms, in addition to lowering bad cholesterol and the consequent risk of heart disease. Grass-fed butter turns off food cravings, with sustained energy-high and a thriving metabolism, and provides micronutrients. Powerful ingredients when combined, enhance the benefits exponentially.
Carbohydrates and Lipids are the Macromolecules of Life. Carbohydrates come in the form of sugars, starches, and cellulose. The main functions are to provide energy for cells, structural support, and cell to cell communication. They help to maintain membrane fluidity, pliability and resilience in the membranes of animals which have high amounts of rigid saturated fatty acids. Cholesterol circulates in the bloodstream bound to carrier lipoproteins. High-density Lipoprotein HDL carries blood cholesterol to the liver where it can be eliminated from the body. LDL deposits the blood cholesterol in the artery walls, where it leads to constriction of blood vessels.
Living matter is made up of cells. Cells are made up of molecules based on 4 main elements: carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and hydrogen. Cells put the building blocks of C, O, H, N together to make useful molecules for food and energy that allow them to perform the 5 functions of life. Enzymatic reactions inside cells join together small organic molecules-monomers, to form large molecules-polymers, by a process called dehydration synthesis, to make Macromolecules. The 4 main macromolecules in cells are Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and Nucleic Acids.
Starch in plants and Glycogen in animals serve as storage polymers. Once we have eaten, monosaccharides, disaccharides, and starches are converted to the monomer glucose, our body’s preferred fuel, which circulates through the blood, to be broken down during cellular respiration for energy to the cells; the reserves of glucose are stored in our bodies as glycogen. It is better to eat complex carbohydrates-polysaccharides over simple or refined carbohydrates-mono and disaccharides.
Over 60% of all proteins and many lipids in cells are bound to sugar molecules, including antibodies, some hormones, cellular enzymes, and plasma membrane lipids. Glycoproteins and Glycolipids enable Cell to cell communication, Cell recognition- Self from Non-self immune response, and Cell adhesion.
Cellulose in plants which is chewy and chitin from insects and fungi which is crunchy, provide structural support. These structural polymers are almost indigestible. Some creatures like cows and termites have special bacteria in the intestines that can break the bond.
Awesome trip that! Salutations to the wonder-mechanism that is unfailingly functioning in tandem with each other!